SERMON NOTES

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Series Title: What Had Happened Was...

Sermon Title: Who Translated the Bible?

Date: October 20, 2019

Speaker: Joel Halpin

Series Overview

The Bible is the most read book in the world, yet most people are unfamiliar with it’s story. Some believe it was dropped out of heaven by God, while others believe it was written my corrupt men to stay in power. The truth is much more complex and way more interesting. In this series we will learn who wrote it, how it was collected, and how it was translated.

1. Is the Bible Meant to be translated?

Nehemiah 8:8

They read from the book, from the Law of God, clearly, and they gave the sense, so that the people understood the reading.


Acts 2:6-8 

And at this sound the multitude came together, and they were bewildered, because each one was hearing them speak in his own language. And they were amazed and astonished, saying, “Are not all these who are speaking Galileans? And how is it that we hear, each of us in his own native language?

2. How was the Old Testament Translated?

400ish - Hebrew Scriptures completed.

160BC ish- Septuagint completed. The Septuagint is the greek translation of the Hebrew Old Testament.

400BC to 200 AD- Dead sea Scrolls written.

500AD -700AD The Masorites add vowels and accents to the Hebrew Scriptures.

3. How were the New Testament writings translated?

Number of Greek New Testament manuscripts: 5800

Number of Latin New Testament manuscripts: +10000

Number of New Testament manuscripts in other languages: +9300

(Remember, there was no official version being voted upon by powerful old guys)


How can we tell which is correct?


Textual Criticism.

Which of the following most likely reflects the original phrase?

A. The Red Bdir.

B. The red bird.

C. The bird red.

D. The reddish bird.

E. The red bird, not the blue bird.


Principle of Textual Criticism: The more manuscripts, the more accurate we can be.

Problem 1

Mark 16:9-20


Problem 2

John 5:3-5 (ESV)

In these lay a multitude of invalids—blind, lame, and paralyzed. One man was there who had been an invalid for thirty-eight years.


John 5:4. (KJV)

4 For an angel went down at a certain season into the pool, and troubled the water: whosoever then first after the troubling of the water stepped in was made whole of whatsoever disease he had.


Problem 3

John 1:18 (KJV)

18 No man hath seen God at any time, the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him.


John 1:18 (ESV)

18 No one has ever seen God; the only God, who is at the Father's side, he has made him known.


Big Idea: Textual critics estimate that 98% to 99.5% of the Bible is exactly as the originals. The remaining percent reflects no theological damage or changes.